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主題 : 考博英語改錯應試指導
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樓主  發表于: 2012-01-31   

考博英語改錯應試指導

考博英語辨錯與改錯就是從一個句子四個劃線的找出一個錯誤并加以改正。句子的錯誤是多種多樣的,涉及到語法、詞匯和邏輯結構等方面,但通常以語法方面的錯誤為主。下面我們將辨錯與改錯測試中涉及到的語法要點和錯誤類型進行歸類和分析,以幫助考生從中領悟出做這類試題的方法和技巧。 bYKe5y=  
(一)主、謂語不一致 @ysc?4% q  
句子中的謂語動詞和主語在人稱和數上不一致,這類試題主要涉及到以下四個方面: ;mAlF>6]\  
(1)主語后面有一個較長的定語或定語從句,該定語或定語從句的最后一個詞,也就是謂語動詞前的那個詞的單數或復數一般與主語的單、復數相反,以此來干擾學生。 }; ;Thfd  
例1 The Capital city is noted for its many modern improvements, but in other parts of the country [email protected],)`  
A :7 P/ZC%  
lack of enough good roads have delayed progress. Oe/\@f0bLT  
B C D Gjh8>(  
例2 The most noticeable feature of tarsiers, small animals which look like monkeys are their t0*,%ge:<  
A B /5$;W 'I  
large eyes that allow them to see well at night. p9`!.~[  
C D #NZ#G~oeO  
(2)有時候,為了增加考試難度,在倒裝句中考主謂語的一致。 Sbp].3^j  
例3 Never before in history has so many people been interested in the study of foreign Ump$N#  
A B C D O8Dav^\y?  
languages. 3Hd~mfO\  
例4 On each side of the highway was hundreds of billboards advertising everything from modern motels to roadside stands that sell fresh fruit and bedspreads. (1995年考題) p"UdD  
(3)后面由with, as well as, rather than, along with, together with, in addition to, including等修飾的單數名詞作主語時,其謂語動詞也要用單數形式。 Qu;cl/&  
例5 The president of the college , together with the deans, are planning a conference for the kR,ry:J-  
A B C ~EL3I  
purpose of laying down certain regulations. =} D9sT  
D w5+H9R6  
(4)由連詞or, nor, neither… nor, either…or, not only… but also連接的兩個名詞,謂語形式要與它最接近的主語一致。 R9z:K_d,  
例6 Neither her parents nor her teacher have persuaded her to change her mind. J{!U;r!6  
(二)虛擬語氣方面的錯誤 SYE+A`a  
做這類題考生首先要掌握虛擬語氣的構成和主、從句的搭配,熟記常見的虛擬語氣類型以及一些特殊用法,重點掌握下列常用的要引起虛擬語氣的形容詞和動詞。 d2a*xDkv  
形容詞:necessary, essential, urgent, imperative, possible, vital, desirable, important, natural. .US=fWyrb  
動 詞:suggest, ask, recommend, insist, demand, decide, advise, propose, order. [email protected]|r|P>  
例7 So great was the influence of Thomas Paine on his own time that John Adams suggested that the era was called “The Age of Paine.” (1995年考題) {)jTq??  
例8 If you would have studied French in college you would not have found the 5(=5GkE)>  
A B .sCj3sX*  
scientific terminology(專門術語)so difficult to understand. 2rV]n  
C D ) UCc!  
(三)非謂語動詞的誤用 {浙江体彩20选5走势图