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主題 : 單詞復習:Description 、Extend 、Identify
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樓主  發表于: 2018-10-08   

單詞復習:Description 、Extend 、Identify

Description   [dɪ'skrɪpʃ(ə)n]
說明;形容;描寫(文字);類型
1
形近詞
Descriptive  adj. 描寫的;敘述的;說明的;描寫性的(描述語言的實際應用而非使用規則)
Disruption  n. 中斷;破裂
Discretion  n. 謹慎;慎重;審慎;自行決定的自由
Destruction  n. 破壞;毀滅;摧毀 
2
近義詞
Explanation  n. 解釋;說明;闡述;解釋性說法
Report  n. 報告;報道;匯報;調查報告
Portrayal  n. 描述;描寫;描繪;展現方式    
3
短語搭配
Detailed description  詳細描述,詳細說明
Job description  工作說明
Brief description  簡要說明,簡介
4
真題例句  2011年 Text1
As a description of the next music director of an orchestra that has hitherto been led by musicians like Gustav Mahler and Pierre Boulez, that seems likely to have struck at least some Times readers as faint praise.

5
真題解析
1.句子主干:... that seems likely to have struck at least some Times readers as faint praise...
2.句子難點: 這句話的主干是后面的that seems likely to have struck at least some Times readers as faint praise,前面的As a description of the next music director...是as引導的介詞短語做定語,修飾that,這個that指代的是上一句的an unpretentious musician with no air of the formidable conductor about him;這個介詞短語中還有一個由that引導的定語從句that has hitherto been led by musicians like Gustav Mahler and Pierre Boulez修飾an orchestra。
3.譯文: 那么描述迄今為止一直被Gustav Mahler和Pierre Boulez這類音樂家主導的管弦樂團的下一任音樂總監,似乎至少會給《時代》周刊的部分讀者帶來名褒實貶的感覺。
4.原句再現:As a description of the next music director of an orchestra that has hitherto been led by musicians like Gustav Mahler and Pierre Boulez, that seems likely to have struck at least some Times readers as faint praise.
5.重難點單詞和短語:
Orchestra  n. 管弦樂隊;(劇場的)正廳前排座位
Hitherto  adv. 迄今;直到某時 


2

Extend [ɪk'stend]
V. 擴展;延長;擴大;提供
1
形近詞
Expend  v. 花費;消費;耗費
Extent  n. 程度;范圍;限度;大小
Extension  n. 延伸;延長;延期;擴大

2
近義詞
Spread  v. 傳播;擴散;展開;散布
Range  v. 徘徊;變動;包括(從…到…)之間的各類事物
Reach  v. 達到;到達;達成;收到 
3
反義詞及短語搭配
Curtail  v. 縮短;限制;減縮
Withdraw  v. 撤回;提;撤離;停止提供
Decrease  v. 降低;減少;縮小;減弱 
Extend one’s business  擴大其基業
4
真題例句  2012年Text2
The legal issues in the case are obscure: whereas the Supreme Court has ruled that states do have some regulatory authority over nuclear power, legal scholars say that Vermont case will offer a precedent-setting test of how far those powers extend.

5
真題解析
1.句子主干:The legal issues in the case are obscure...
2.句子難點:本句的主干部分是The legal issues in the case are obscure,冒號之后的部分是其同位語,對其加以具體解釋。該同位語部分的主干是 legal scholars say…,其后是that引導的賓語從句,在該賓語從句中,賓語a precedent-setting test之后是由of引導的同位語,對其進一步解釋說明。同位語部分中還包括一個whereas引導的讓步狀語從句,該從句的主語為the Supreme Court,謂語部分為has ruled,賓語是由that引導的賓語從句。
3.譯文: 該事件涉及的法律問題很模糊,盡管最高法院已經規定,各州對核電站有管控權,但法律學者認為,安特吉案件會成為一個先例,考量州政府核管控權的范圍。
4.原句再現:The legal issues in the case are obscure: whereas the Supreme Court has ruled that states do have some regulatory authority over nuclear power, legal scholars say that Vermont case will offer a precedent-setting test of how far those powers extend.
5.重難點單詞和短語:
Obscure  adj. 無名的;鮮為人知的;費解的;難以理解的
Regulatory  adj. 管理的;調整的;監管的
Precedent-setting  adj. 先例性;開先例的;判例確立式的 


3

Identify  [aɪ'dentɪ.faɪ]
V. 鑒定;確認;發現;找到
1
形近詞
Identity  n. 身份;同一性;一致;特征
Identifiable adj. 可識別的;可辨認的
Identification n. 鑒定;確定;辨認;確認
2
近義詞
Recognize  v. 認識;承認;認出;意識到
Confirm  v. 確認;認可;使感覺更強烈;使確信  
Ascertain  v. 查明;弄清  
3
短語搭配
Identifyoneself  證明自己;表露身分;證明自己的身份 
Identifywith  認同;認為…等同于;與…認同
4
真題例句 2004年Text4
Hofstadter says our country’s educational system is in the grips of people who “joyfully and militantly proclaim their hostility to intellect and their eagerness to identify with children who show the least intellectual promise.”

5
真題解析
1.句子主干:Hofstadter says...
2.句子難點:多重復合句。句子主干為Hofstadter says...,后跟省略that的賓語從句。賓語從句主干為our country's educational system is in the grips of people,后跟who引導的定語從句修飾people。定語從句的賓語為兩個并列的名詞短語:their hostility to intellect和 their eagerness to identify with children…,第二個賓語中又包含一個who引導的定語從句修飾children。
3.譯文:霍夫斯塔特說,我們國家的教育體制掌握在這樣一些人手中,他們“沾沾自喜地、霸氣十足地宣稱自己對才智的憎惡,同時迫不及待地表示出對那些才智上沒有潛力的孩子們的極大的認同。”
4.原句再現:Hofstadter says our country’s educational system is in the grips of people who “joyfully and militantly proclaim their hostility to intellect and their eagerness to identify with children who show the least intellectual promise.”
5.重難點單詞和短語:
Educational  adj. 教育的;有關教育的;有教育意義的
Grip  n. 手柄;把手;緊握;了解
Militantly  adv. 好斗地;好戰地;好斗的

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